Ingredient Glossary

Agar-agar

A thickener derived from red seaweed. It is high in fiber and used throughout the human food industry to thicken things like pudding and jello.

Animal Fat (Preserved with BHA and Citric Acid)

Fat source derived from a blend of sources.

Artificial Color

An ingredient added to enhance the color of the treat.

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C, an antioxidant vitamin. Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats as they can produce adequate amounts on their own.

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Barley (Cracked Pearl)

Whole grain. Has 50% more protein than rice. Slow burning carbohydrate source, helps control blood sugar levels and helps keep the pet feeling satisfied for a longer period of time.

Beef

Meat from beef cattle, providing amino acid nutrition for overall good health.

Beef Broth

Broth created from cooking beef in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Beef By-products

Organ meat such as liver and heart, used as a highly digestible protein source and a source of vitamins and minerals.

Beef Liver

Beef liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Beef Meal

Beef is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Beet Pulp (Dried)

Dried remains of sugar beets after sugar is removed. Gray in color. Moderately fermentable fiber source to provide cells in colon with energy and to promote the good bacteria in the intestines. Considered to be one of the best fiber sources for optimal stool quality.

Beta Carotene

A powerful antioxidant derived from the orange or yellow color in fruits in vegetables. Beta carotene is converted into vitamin A inside the body.

Biotin

B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and haircoat.

Blueberries

Rich in fiber and antioxidants, blueberries are considered to be a superfood.

Brewers Dried Yeast

Non-fermentable yeast that provides B-complex vitamins and proteins. Flavor enhancer.

Brewers Rice

Highly digestible carbohydrate made up from broken fragments of rice.

Brown Rice Flour

A flour made by grinding brown rice. An excellent, highly digestible carbohydrate source.

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Calcium Carbonate

A mineral source of calcium, an essential nutrient.

Calcium Iodate

A mineral source of calcium and iodine, essential nutrients.

Calcium Pantothenate

Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth and haircoat color.

Cane Molasses (Dried)

Molasses is added as a palatability enhancer.

Canola Oil

Provides a blend of omega fatty acids for optimal skin and coat health. Contains alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid. Also a source of vitamin E.

Caramel color

An ingredient added for color consistency.

Carboxymethyl Cellulose

Derived from cellulose, an insoluble fiber source, this ingredient helps maintain the proper consistency of treats.

Carrageenan Gum

A fiber ingredient from seaweed. It is used to create the proper consistency of the canned food.

Carrots

Carrots are rich in vitamin A and like sweet potatoes and pumpkin, get their color from beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant.

Chia Seed

Chia seed contains protein, fiber and fat, and is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Also containing calcium, phosphorus and manganese, chia seed is a source of minerals.

Chicken

Chicken is a highly digestible, lean protein that enhances palatability.

Chicken Broth

Broth created from cooking chicken in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Chicken By-product Meal

Animal source protein, made up mostly of internal organs such as liver, digestive tract and kidneys. The intestines are a good source of smooth muscle protein. Fifteen percent of the meal includes meat and bone. No feathers. This ingredient is very digestible and very low in ash.

Chicken Fat

A digestible energy source. A source of Arachidonic acid (elongated form of omega-6) and Linoleic (omega-6) acid.

Chicken Meal

Chicken is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Chicory Root (Dried)

A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

Choline Chloride

A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

Chondroitin Sulfate

A substance found in the body, this is a building block for normal healthy cartilage. It also helps block harmful enzymes from damaging the cartilage.

Citric Acid

Used as a preservative.

Cobalt Amino Acid Chelate

Cobalt is a mineral that aids in the production of red blood cells and iron absorption. Cobalt amino acid chelate is a chelated mineral, bound to amino acids for more efficient absorption.

Coconut

This tropical fruit is rich in fiber and fat, and a source of omega-6 fatty acids and many vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, iron and potassium.

Copper Amino Acid Chelate

Copper is a mineral that is important for maintaining coat color and plays a role in normal reproduction. Copper amino acid chelate is a chelated mineral, bound to amino acids for more efficient absorption.

Copper Proteinate

Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Copper Sulfate

An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.

Corn (Ground, Whole Grain Ground)

The whole corn grain ground to a flour consistency. Highly digestible carbohydrate source as well as source of protein and vitamins. All incoming corn is tested for aflatoxin.

Corn Gluten Meal

The dried residue from corn after the removal of the large part of the starch, gluten and germ in the processes to manufacture corn syrup. It is an excellent low-ash protein source which is highly digestible.

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D-calcium Pantothenate

A source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin that is important for normal immune function, proper energy levels and nervous system function.

Dicalcium Phosphate

A mineral source of calcium and phosphorus, two essential mineral nutrients.

Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles

A dry ingredient that results from corn fermentation. It is rich in protein and fiber.

DL-Methionine

An essential amino acid which contains sulfur. Important for both dogs and cats, but more critical in cats since they have an increased demand for this amino acid. This is also a urine acidifier.

Dried Bifidobacterium Animalis Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain® Probiotics and Viables® Probiotics.

Dried Fermented Corn Extractives

A high protein ingredient made from corn that has been processed to make corn starch.

Dried Kelp

Seaweed plant that is a fiber and iodine source.

Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain® Probiotics and Viables® Probiotics.

Dried Lactobacillus Reuteri Fermentation Product

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine digestive system. It is a component of our proprietary K9 Strain® Probiotics, added to our formulas to help support healthy digestion.

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Egg (Egg Product)

Cooked and dried whole eggs.

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Ferrous Sulfate

Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

Flaxseed

A plant source of omega-3 fatty acids that is very palatable.

Folic Acid

A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).

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Garbanzo Beans

Garbanzo beans, or chickpeas, are a legume. They are high in protein and have a low glycemic index.

Glucosamine Hydrochloride

A building block for normal healthy joints. It is obtained from the shells of shrimp, lobsters and crabs.

Ground Wheat

The whole grain, ground for enhanced digestibility. Source of carbohydrates and fiber.

Ground White Rice

Ground rice is white rice that is received as a ground ingredient, instead of whole. Rice is a highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient that supplies energy for active pets.

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Inulin

Prebiotic fiber for digestive support.

Iron Amino Acid Chelate

Iron is a mineral that is important for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Iron amino acid chelate is a chelated mineral, bound to amino acids for more efficient absorption.

Iron Proteinate

Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

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Kale

A cruciferous vegetable that is extremely low in calories. Kale has extremely high levels of vitamins A and C.

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L-Carnitine

A vitamin-like substance that helps maintain normal metabolism. This helps the body burn fat for energy and helps normalize blood sugar levels. Also helps large breed puppies maintain lean body condition and strong bones.

Lamb

Lamb is a highly digestible protein that enhances palatability.

Lamb Broth

Broth created from cooking lamb in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Lamb Liver

Real lamb liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Lamb Meal

Lamb is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals.

Lecithin

Derived from plant sources, this lipid (or fat), helps support the proper consistency of the canned food.

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Malted Barley Flour

Dried, finely ground barley that is the leftover from the malting process.

Manganese Amino Acid Chelate

Manganese is a mineral that is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese amino acid chelate is a chelated mineral, bound to amino acids for more efficient absorption.

Manganese Proteinate

Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Manganese Sulfate

The manganese salt of sulfuric acid is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

Manganous Oxide

The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions.

Meat and Bone Meal

A dry protein and mineral source made with the meat and bone from a blend of pork, beef or lamb.

Meat Meal

Meat meal is a dry protein ingredient made from the meat and bone of ruminants such as cows and sheep. It provides amino acids as well as minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, to the diet.

Millet

A whole grain. Higher in protein than corn, rich in amino acids (lysine, methionine and threonine). Low in tannins, which limit palatability and inhibit protein digestion.

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Natural Flavor

Ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the food (does not contain MSG).

Niacin

Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism.

Niacin Supplement

A supplemental source of Vitamin B3. Vitamin B3 is important for the maintenance of the hair and skin and also for the nervous system. Niacin plays a role in energy metabolism as well.

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Oatmeal

Whole grain that is an excellent source of slow burning carbohydrates for all day energy and fiber for proper digestion.

Oranges

Oranges are a source of Vitamin C.

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Papaya

A tropical fruit that is rich in vitamin A and C while also being low in calories.

Pea Protein

Peas are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals. A special processing technique is used to separate the protein from the starch and fiber to create a digestible, low ash protein source with the added benefit of phytonutrients.

Peanut butter

A soft ingredient made from peanuts, added to treats for flavor and as a protein and fat source.

Peas

Peas are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals.

Potassium Chloride

Potassium salt of hydrochloric acid and is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium Iodide

Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium Sorbate

A source of potassium and important for its preservative action.

Potato Fiber

Used as a fiber source to help promote normal stools and a healthy digestive tract.

Potato Protein

The protein portion of potatoes. Excellent back-up source of protein in high-protein recipes to help keep the ash low.

Potatoes

A highly digestible carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates provide energy for everyday activity.

Poultry By-product Meal

A blend of chicken and turkey meat, bone and internal organs. Ground and cooked under heat and pressure. A highly digestible protein source.

Poultry Liver

Poultry liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Powdered Cellulose

A plant fiber source. This ingredient is highly refined, a white powder that provides insoluble fiber to the diet. The purpose of insoluble fiber is to lower calories or help control hairballs in cats.

Pumpkin

This squash get its orange color from beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant. It is also rich in vitamin C, potassium and fiber. It is most well-known for its fiber content, which helps support healthy digestion.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Vitamin B6. Water-soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.

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Quinoa

Quinoa is a grain that contains high levels of fiber and protein. It is rich in minerals and B vitamins, nutrients important for vital functions within your pet’s body.

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Raspberries

These berries contain antioxidants that help protect overall good health.

Riboflavin

Vitamin B2. Water soluble. This vitamin is necessary for nervous system function, energy utilization, healthy skin and coat and tissue repair.

Riboflavin Supplement

A supplemental source of Vitamin B2. Vitamin B2 is important for the function of the nervous system and energy utilization in the body. It also plays a role in maintaining healthy skin and coat and repairing damaged tissue in the body.

Rice bran

The inner (bran) portion of rice. Source of fat and fiber.

Rice Flour

The inner grain, free from the outer hull, ground to a flour consistency. It is a very highly digestible source of carbohydrates.

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Salmon Meal

Salmon is cooked and ground to a fine consistency. A highly digestible source of protein and minerals as well as omega-3 fatty acids.

Salmon Oil

This oil is extracted from salmon. Marine source oils are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.

Salt

Source of sodium and chloride. Used in formulas for growing animals or reproducing animals. Sodium and chloride are required in higher levels by these life stages.

Sodium Selenite

Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

Spinach

A popular leafy green that is packed with vitamin A and vitamin K. Greens are also rich in antioxidants.

Starch

A carbohydrate produced by plants and used to help maintain the proper consistency of the treat.

Steamed Bone Meal

A source of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, made from ground bone that is steamed.

Sweet Potatoes

A power packed vegetable rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium and beta carotene, this is one ideal complex carbohydrate source that provides all day energy.

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Taurine

Amino acid essential for cats, maintains healthy eyes and heart.

Thiamine Mononitrate

Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

Tomato Pomace

A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and firm stools. Sourced from tomatoes, contributes vitamin C, lycopene and other important antioxidants.

Tomatoes

A source of vitamin C and lycopene, important antioxidants.

Turkey and Liver Meat

A wet ingredient that contains turkey meat and liver. Very rich in protein and iron.

Turkey Liver Meal

A dry protein source made from turkey liver. Highly digestible and rich in iron.

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Vitamin A Acetate

Synthetic vitamin A. Vitamin A is important for normal function of the immune system.

Vitamin A Supplement

Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity and tissue integrity.

Vitamin B12 Supplement

The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

Vitamin D Supplement

Regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.

Vitamin D3 supplement

A supplemental source for vitamin D3, an essential vitamin nutrient.

Vitamin E Supplement

Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.

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Wheat Flour

Finely ground wheat grain. Highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient.

Wheat Germ Meal

A dried ingredient made from the germ portion of wheat grain. It is rich in protein and fiber and is also an excellent source of B vitamins and tocopherols (vitamin E).

Whitefish

Whitefish is a source of protein as well as omega fatty acids.

Whole Grain Brown Rice

The whole grain of unprocessed rice ground to a fine flour consistency. Benefits include fiber, carbohydrates, protein, and vitamin B.

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Yucca Schidigera Extract

A plant extract that helps support healthy digestion.

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Zinc Oxide

A source of the essential mineral zinc. Zinc is important for normal structure and function of the skin and the immune system.

Zinc Proteinate

Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Zinc Sulfate

Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction.