Ingredient Glossary

Menadione sodium bisulfite complex

Source of vitamin K, a fat soluble vitamin necessary for blood coagulation. There is no AAFCO minimum level recommended for dogs, and only 0.1 mg/kg in cat and kitten food. This is a non-toxic vitamin.

Animal fat (preserved with BHA and citric acid)

Fat source derived from a blend of sources.

Artificial color

An ingredient added to enhance the color of the treat.

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C. Acts as an antioxidant in the feed to preserve shelf life and prevent rancidity. Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats as they can produce adequate amounts on their own.

Barley (Cracked Pearl)

Whole grain. Has 50% more protein than rice. Slow burning carbohydrate source, helps control blood sugar levels and helps keep the pet feeling satisfied for a longer period of time.

Beef

Lean muscle meat from beef cattle. This is an excellent protein source providing optimal amino acid nutrition for lean muscle mass and overall good health.

Beef broth

Broth created from cooking chicken in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Beef by-products

Organ meat such as liver and heart, used as a highly digestible protein source and a natural source of vitamins and minerals.

Beef Liver

Beef liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Beef meal

A dry protein source made up of beef meat and bone, ground together and cooked. It is a quality protein source as well as a natural source of vitamins and minerals.

beet pulp (dried)

Dried remains of sugar beets after sugar is removed. Gray in color. Moderately fermentable fiber source to provide cells in colon with energy and to promote the good bacteria in the intestines. Considered to be one of the best fiber sources for optimal stool quality.

Beta carotene

A powerful antioxidant derived from the orange or yellow color in fruits in vegetables. Beta carotene is converted into vitamin A inside the body.

Bifidobacterium lactis

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine and feline digestive systems. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain Probiotics™ and Viables Probiotics™, added to our Diamond Naturals formulas to help support healthy digestion.

Biotin

B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and haircoat.

Blueberries

Rich in fiber and antioxidants, blueberries are a natural boost to the immune system.

Brewers Dried Yeast

Non-fermentable yeast that provides B-complex vitamins and proteins. Flavor enhancer.

Brewers Rice

Highly digestible carbohydrate made up from broken fragments of rice.

Brown rice flour

A flour made by grinding brown rice. An excellent, highly digestible carbohydrate source.

Calcium Carbonate

A mineral source of calcium, an essential nutrient.

Calcium iodate

A mineral source of calcium and iodine, essential nutrients.

Calcium Pantothenate

Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth and haircoat color.

Canola Oil

Naturally preserved. Provides a blend of omega fatty acids for optimal skin and coat health. Contains alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid. Also a source of vitamin E.

Caramel color

A natural ingredient added for color consistency.

Carboxymethyl cellulose

Derived from cellulose, an insoluble fiber source, this ingredient helps maintain the proper consistency of treats.

Carrageenan gum

A fiber ingredient from seaweed. It is used to create the proper consistency of the canned food.

Carrots

Carrots are rich in vitamin A and like sweet potatoes and pumpkin, get their color from beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant.

Cheese meal

A dried ingredient made from cheese, added as a source of protein, calcium and vitamin D.

Chia seed

Chia seed contains protein, fiber and fat, and is naturally rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Also containing calcium, phosphorus and manganese, chia seed is a natural source of minerals.

Chicken

Food grade chicken that has been mechanically separated from the bone. Never frozen, arrives less than 24 hours after it is processed. Enhances palatability, low ash.

Chicken broth

Broth created from cooking chicken in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Chicken By-Product Meal

Animal source protein, made up mostly of internal organs such as liver, digestive tract, and kidneys. The intestines are a good source of smooth muscle protein. Fifteen percent of the meal includes meat and bone. No feathers. This ingredient is very digestible and very low in ash.

Chicken Fat

The most digestible animal fat source available. This is a liquid at room temperature which indicates a higher level of polyunsaturated fatty acids compared to fats which are solid at room temperature and are higher in saturated fatty acids. A source of Arachidonic acid (elongated form of Omega-6) and Linoleic (Omega-6) Acid.

Chicken Meal

Lean carcass (muscle and bone). No feathers or internal organs. We use a specially processed, low ash meal. Protein, phosphorus and calcium come from the meal.

Chicory Root (dried)

A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

Choline Chloride

A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

Chondroitin Sulfate

A naturally occurring substance in the body, this is a building block for normal healthy cartilage. It also helps block harmful enzymes from damaging the cartilage. This supplement is derived from poultry cartilage.

Citric acid

Used as a natural preservative

Cobalt carbonate

Source of cobalt, a mineral that is essential for the efficient use of B vitamins.

Coconut

This tropical fruit is rich in fiber and fat, and a natural source of omega-6 fatty acids and many vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, iron and potassium.

Copper Proteinate

Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Copper Sulfate

An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.

Corn (GROUND, WHOLE GRAIN GROUND)

The whole corn grain ground to a flour consistency. Highly digestible carbohydrate source as well as source of protein and vitamins. All incoming corn is tested for aflatoxin.

Corn Gluten Meal

The dried residue from corn after the removal of the large part of the starch, gluten, and germ from the processes employed in the manufacture of corn syrup. It is an excellent low ash protein source which is highly digestible.

D-calcium pantothenate

A source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin that is important for normal immune function, proper energy levels and nervous system function.

Dicalcium phosphate

A mineral source of calcium and phosphorus, two essential mineral nutrients.

Distillers dried grains with solubles

A dry ingredient that results from corn fermentation. It is rich in protein and fiber.

DL-Methionine

An essential amino acid which contains sulfur. Important for both dogs and cats, but more critical in cats since they have an increased demand for this amino acid. This is also a urine acidifier.

Dried cheese

Cheese that has had the moisture content removed to enrich the protein content.

Dried fermented corn extractives

A high protein ingredient made from corn that has been processed to make corn starch.

Dried Kelp

Seaweed plant that is a fiber and iodine source. Helps produce small, firm stools. May reduce stool odor.

Dried skimmed milk

A dry, powdered protein source. Also an excellent source of calcium and vitamin D.

Dried Trichoderma longibrachiatum fermentation extract

A digestive enzyme derived from yeast extracts, this ingredient helps promote healthy digestion.

Dried whey

Whey is liquid that remains during cheese production. It is a rich source of protein, especially when dried.

Dried whole milk

A dry, powdered protein source. Also an excellent source of calcium and vitamin D.

Duck

Food grade duck that is mechanically deboned and is certified hormone and antibiotic free.

EGG (Egg Product)

Cooked and dried whole eggs, free of shells and other non egg material. A high quality, highly digestible source of protein.

Enterococcus faecium (dried fermentation products of)

A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the harmful bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

Ferrous Sulfate

Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

Fish Meal

Whole Menhaden fish, cooked and ground to a meal. Naturally preserved. Good source of protein, omega-3 (linolenic) fatty acids, and minerals.

Flaxseed

An all-natural plant source of Omega-3 fatty acids. Grown in Canada. Very palatable and stable.

Folic Acid

A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).

Garbanzo beans

Garbanzo beans, or chickpeas, are a legume.They are high in protein and have a low glycemic index. These unique ingredients are an excellent addition to a grain free formulation.

Glucosamine Hydrochloride

This is a naturally occurring substance that is a building block for normal healthy joints. It is obtained from the shells of shrimp, lobsters and crabs.

Ground wheat

The whole grain, ground for enhanced digestibility. Source of carbohydrates and fiber.

ground white rice

Ground rice is white rice that is received as a ground ingredient, instead of whole. Rice is a highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient that supplies energy for active pets.

Iron Proteinate

Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Kale

A cruciferous vegetable that is extremely low in calories. Kale has extremely high levels of vitamins A and C.

L-Carnitine

A vitamin-like substance that helps maintain normal metabolism. This helps the body burn fat for energy and helps normalize blood sugar levels. Also helps large breed puppies maintain lean body condition and strong bones.

Lactobacillus Acidophilus

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine and feline digestive systems. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain Probiotics? and Viables Probiotics?, added to our Diamond Naturals formulas to help support healthy digestion

Lactobacillus acidophilus (dried fermentation product of)

This is another of the probiotic ingredients included in some of our formulations. Probiotics are living bacteria that are added at the end of the cooking process. They help support the healthy populations of bacteria in the digestive system while suppressing the pathogenic bacteria that also reside there.

Lactobacillus casei

A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the harmful bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

Lactobacillus plantarum (dried fermentation product of)

A probiotic ingredient, included in some of our formulations. Probiotics are living bacteria that are added at the end of the cooking process. They help support the healthy populations of bacteria in the digestive system while suppressing the pathogenic bacteria that also reside there.

Lactobacillus reuteri

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine digestive system. It is a component of our proprietary K9 Strain Probiotics, added to our Diamond Naturals dog formulas to help support healthy digestion.

Lamb

Food grade lamb, mechanically removed from the bone. Enhances palatability, low ash. Purchased from New Zealand.

Lamb Broth

Broth created from cooking lamb in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Lamb liver

Real lamb liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Lamb Meal

Lean carcass of lambs (muscle and bone), cooked and ground to a fine consistency. Purchased from Australia, a certified Scrapie free country. Scrapie is the sheep version of Bovine Spongiform.

Lecithin

Derived from plant sources, this lipid (or fat), helps support the proper consistency of the canned food.

Malted barley flour

Dried, finely ground barley that is the leftover from the malting process.

Manganese Proteinate

Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Manganese Sulfate

The manganese salt of sulfuric acid is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions. Naturally occurring Manganese deficiency has not been reported in dogs or cats.

Manganous oxide

The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions. Naturally occurring Manganese deficiency has not been reported in dogs or cats.

Meat and bone meal

A dry protein and mineral source made with the meat and bone from a blend of pork, beef or lamb.

Meat meal

Meat meal is a dry protein ingredient made from the meat and bone of ruminants such as cows and sheep. It provides amino acids as well as minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, to the diet.

Millet

A whole grain. Higher in protein than corn, rich in amino acids (lysine, methionine, and threonine). Low in tannins, which limit palatability and inhibit protein digestion.

Natural chicken flavor

A natural product made mostly from chicken livers. This ingredient is used on the outside of the kibble to enhance flavor.

Natural Flavor

Natural ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the treat. Can be from vegetable or chicken sources. (It does not contain MSG.) Examples are parsley or other herbs and hydrolyzed proteins (processed so the average molecular weight of the protein is too small to be detected by the immune system which helps avoid adverse reactions in allergic pets. There is no intact protein from the chicken.)

Niacin

Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism. Dogs synthesize niacin from tryptophan (an amino acid) but cats must have it provided in their diet.

Oatmeal

Whole grain that is an excellent source of slow burning carbohydrates for all day energy and fiber for proper digestion.

Oranges

Oranges are a natural source of vitamin C.

Papaya

A tropical fruit that is rich in vitamin A and C while also being low in calories.

Pea protein

Peas are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals. A special processing technique is used to separate the protein from the starch and fiber to create a digestible, low ash protein source with the added benefit of phytonutrients.

Peanut butter

A soft ingredient made from peanuts, added to treats for flavor and as a protein and fat source.

Peas

A tiny legume that acts as a virtual powerhouse of nutrition. Peas are legumes and are whole food sources of protein and carbohydrates. They are rich in potassium, vitamin A and vitamin C.

Potassium Chloride

Potassium salt of hydrochloric acid and is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm), and certain metabollic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium Iodide

Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium sorbate

A source of potassium and important for its preservative action.

Potato fiber

Used as a natural fiber source to help promote normal stools and a healthy digestive tract. Added to formulas that contain potatoes already to help limit the number of different ingredients.

Potato protein

The protein portion of potatoes. Excellent back-up source of protein in high-protein recipes to help keep the ash low.

Potatoes

A highly digestible carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates provide energy for everyday activity.

Poultry By-Product Meal

A blend of chicken and turkey meat, bone and internal organs. Ground and cooked under heat and pressure. A highly digestible protein source.

Poultry digest

Natural ingredient that is applied to the outside of the treat to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the treat. (It does not contain MSG.) Examples are parsley or other herbs and hydrolyzed proteins (processed so the average molecular weight of the protein is too small to be detected by the immune system which helps avoid adverse reactions in allergic pets. There is no intact protein from the poultry).

Poultry liver

Poultry liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Powdered cellulose

A natural plant fiber source. This ingredient is highly refined, a white powder that provides insoluble fiber to the diet. The purpose of insoluble fiber is to lower calories or help control hairballs in cats.

Pumpkin

This squash gets its orange color from naturally occurring beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant. It is also rich in vitamin C, potassium and fiber. It is most well-known for its fiber content, which helps support healthy digestion.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Vitamin B6. Water-soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.

Quinoa

Quinoa is a grain that contains high levels of fiber and protein. It is rich in minerals and B vitamins, nutrients important for vital functions within your pet?s body.

Raspberries

These powerhouse berries are full of antioxidants that protect overall good health and may also help fight cancer.

Riboflavin

Vitamin B2. Water-soluble. Antioxidant necessary for nervous system function, utilization of energy, healthy skin and coat, and tissue repair.

Rice bran

The inner (bran) portion of rice. Source of fat and fiber.

Rice flour

The inner grain, free from the outer hull, ground to a flour consistency. It is a very highly digestible source of carbohydrates.

Salmon

Mechanically deboned salmon. Salmon is one of the lowest mercury content ocean fish available. When salmon is fully cooked, as it is in our pet foods, there is no risk to the health of dogs consuming it.

Salmon Meal

Salmon meal is a dry protein source made from the meat and bone of salmon. It is ground and cooked under pressure and is a high quality source not only of protein, but also of omega-3 fatty acids.

Salmon oil

This oil is extracted from fresh salmon. Marine source oils are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.

Salt

Source of sodium and chloride. Used in formulas that are labeled for growing animals or reproducing animals. Sodium and chloride are required in higher levels by these life stages.

Sodium Bisulfate

An excellent urinary acidifier, this ingredient helps promote a urine pH of 6.1 – 6.4 in our adult cat formulas.

Sodium metabisulfite

A preservative.

Sodium Selenite

Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

Soybean meal

A dried protein source made from soybeans.

Spinach

A popular leafy green that is packed with vitamin A and vitamin K. Greens are also rich in antioxidants.

Starch

A carbohydrate produced by plants and used to help maintain the proper consistency of the treat.

Steamed bone meal

A natural source of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, made from ground bone that is steamed.

Sweet Potatoes

A power packed vegetable rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium and beta carotene, this is one ideal complex carbohydrate source that provides all day energy.

Taurine

Amino acid essential for cats that maintains healthy eyes and heart. Considered to be conditionally essential for dogs (meaning certain dogs require it in their diet under certain conditions – particularly true when the dog is eating a lamb formula that has low protein content).

Thiamine mononitrate

Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

Tomato pomace

A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and small, firm stools. It is made from red, ripe tomatoes and is a natural source of vitamin C, lycopene and other important antioxidants.

Tomatoes

A natural source of vitamin C and lycopene, important antioxidants.

Turkey and liver meat

A wet ingredient that contains turkey meat and liver. Very rich in protein and iron.

Turkey liver meal

A dry protein source made from turkey liver. Highly digestible and rich in iron.

Vitamin A acetate

Synthetic vitamin A. Vitamin A is important for normal function of the immune system.

Vitamin A Supplement

Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity, and tissue integrity.

Vitamin B12 Supplement

The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

Vitamin D Supplement

Regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.

Vitamin D3 supplement

A supplemental source for Vitamin D3, an essential vitamin nutrient.

Vitamin E Supplement

Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.

Wheat flour

Finely ground wheat grain. Highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient.

Wheat germ meal

A dried ingredient made from the germ portion of wheat grain. It is rich in protein and fiber and is also an excellent source of B vitamins and tocopherols (vitamin E).

Whitefish

Whitefish is a category of ocean fish. These fish all have white meat. Fish is an excellent source of protein as well as natural Omega-3 fatty acids. It is a good protein source for dogs that have sensitivities to other more traditional pet food protein sources.

Whole Grain Brown Rice

The whole grain of unprocessed rice ground to a fine flour consistency. Benefits include fiber, carbohydrates, protein, and vitamin B.

Yeast culture

Active yeast, great source of B vitamins.

Yucca Schidigera Extract

Natural plant extract that has been proven to reduce stool odor.

Zinc oxide

A source of the essential mineral zinc. Zinc is important for normal structure and function of the skin and the immune system.

Zinc Proteinate

Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Zinc Sulfate

Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. There is a genetically influenced abnormality in zinc absorption and metabolism in some breeds (Malamutes and Siberian Huskies) which may result in an increased dietary requirement for zinc.

[Dried] cane molasses

Molasses is added as a natural palatability enhancer.

Ingredient Glossary

Menadione sodium bisulfite complex

Source of vitamin K, a fat soluble vitamin necessary for blood coagulation. There is no AAFCO minimum level recommended for dogs, and only 0.1 mg/kg in cat and kitten food. This is a non-toxic vitamin.

Animal fat (preserved with BHA and citric acid)

Fat source derived from a blend of sources.

Artificial color

An ingredient added to enhance the color of the treat.

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C. Acts as an antioxidant in the feed to preserve shelf life and prevent rancidity. Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats as they can produce adequate amounts on their own.

Barley (Cracked Pearl)

Whole grain. Has 50% more protein than rice. Slow burning carbohydrate source, helps control blood sugar levels and helps keep the pet feeling satisfied for a longer period of time.

Beef

Lean muscle meat from beef cattle. This is an excellent protein source providing optimal amino acid nutrition for lean muscle mass and overall good health.

Beef broth

Broth created from cooking chicken in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Beef by-products

Organ meat such as liver and heart, used as a highly digestible protein source and a natural source of vitamins and minerals.

Beef Liver

Beef liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Beef meal

A dry protein source made up of beef meat and bone, ground together and cooked. It is a quality protein source as well as a natural source of vitamins and minerals.

beet pulp (dried)

Dried remains of sugar beets after sugar is removed. Gray in color. Moderately fermentable fiber source to provide cells in colon with energy and to promote the good bacteria in the intestines. Considered to be one of the best fiber sources for optimal stool quality.

Beta carotene

A powerful antioxidant derived from the orange or yellow color in fruits in vegetables. Beta carotene is converted into vitamin A inside the body.

Bifidobacterium lactis

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine and feline digestive systems. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain Probiotics™ and Viables Probiotics™, added to our Diamond Naturals formulas to help support healthy digestion.

Biotin

B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and haircoat.

Blueberries

Rich in fiber and antioxidants, blueberries are a natural boost to the immune system.

Brewers Dried Yeast

Non-fermentable yeast that provides B-complex vitamins and proteins. Flavor enhancer.

Brewers Rice

Highly digestible carbohydrate made up from broken fragments of rice.

Brown rice flour

A flour made by grinding brown rice. An excellent, highly digestible carbohydrate source.

Calcium Carbonate

A mineral source of calcium, an essential nutrient.

Calcium iodate

A mineral source of calcium and iodine, essential nutrients.

Calcium Pantothenate

Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth and haircoat color.

Canola Oil

Naturally preserved. Provides a blend of omega fatty acids for optimal skin and coat health. Contains alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid. Also a source of vitamin E.

Caramel color

A natural ingredient added for color consistency.

Carboxymethyl cellulose

Derived from cellulose, an insoluble fiber source, this ingredient helps maintain the proper consistency of treats.

Carrageenan gum

A fiber ingredient from seaweed. It is used to create the proper consistency of the canned food.

Carrots

Carrots are rich in vitamin A and like sweet potatoes and pumpkin, get their color from beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant.

Cheese meal

A dried ingredient made from cheese, added as a source of protein, calcium and vitamin D.

Chia seed

Chia seed contains protein, fiber and fat, and is naturally rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Also containing calcium, phosphorus and manganese, chia seed is a natural source of minerals.

Chicken

Food grade chicken that has been mechanically separated from the bone. Never frozen, arrives less than 24 hours after it is processed. Enhances palatability, low ash.

Chicken broth

Broth created from cooking chicken in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Chicken By-Product Meal

Animal source protein, made up mostly of internal organs such as liver, digestive tract, and kidneys. The intestines are a good source of smooth muscle protein. Fifteen percent of the meal includes meat and bone. No feathers. This ingredient is very digestible and very low in ash.

Chicken Fat

The most digestible animal fat source available. This is a liquid at room temperature which indicates a higher level of polyunsaturated fatty acids compared to fats which are solid at room temperature and are higher in saturated fatty acids. A source of Arachidonic acid (elongated form of Omega-6) and Linoleic (Omega-6) Acid.

Chicken Meal

Lean carcass (muscle and bone). No feathers or internal organs. We use a specially processed, low ash meal. Protein, phosphorus and calcium come from the meal.

Chicory Root (dried)

A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

Choline Chloride

A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

Chondroitin Sulfate

A naturally occurring substance in the body, this is a building block for normal healthy cartilage. It also helps block harmful enzymes from damaging the cartilage. This supplement is derived from poultry cartilage.

Citric acid

Used as a natural preservative

Cobalt carbonate

Source of cobalt, a mineral that is essential for the efficient use of B vitamins.

Coconut

This tropical fruit is rich in fiber and fat, and a natural source of omega-6 fatty acids and many vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, iron and potassium.

Copper Proteinate

Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Copper Sulfate

An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.

Corn (GROUND, WHOLE GRAIN GROUND)

The whole corn grain ground to a flour consistency. Highly digestible carbohydrate source as well as source of protein and vitamins. All incoming corn is tested for aflatoxin.

Corn Gluten Meal

The dried residue from corn after the removal of the large part of the starch, gluten, and germ from the processes employed in the manufacture of corn syrup. It is an excellent low ash protein source which is highly digestible.

D-calcium pantothenate

A source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin that is important for normal immune function, proper energy levels and nervous system function.

Dicalcium phosphate

A mineral source of calcium and phosphorus, two essential mineral nutrients.

Distillers dried grains with solubles

A dry ingredient that results from corn fermentation. It is rich in protein and fiber.

DL-Methionine

An essential amino acid which contains sulfur. Important for both dogs and cats, but more critical in cats since they have an increased demand for this amino acid. This is also a urine acidifier.

Dried cheese

Cheese that has had the moisture content removed to enrich the protein content.

Dried fermented corn extractives

A high protein ingredient made from corn that has been processed to make corn starch.

Dried Kelp

Seaweed plant that is a fiber and iodine source. Helps produce small, firm stools. May reduce stool odor.

Dried skimmed milk

A dry, powdered protein source. Also an excellent source of calcium and vitamin D.

Dried Trichoderma longibrachiatum fermentation extract

A digestive enzyme derived from yeast extracts, this ingredient helps promote healthy digestion.

Dried whey

Whey is liquid that remains during cheese production. It is a rich source of protein, especially when dried.

Dried whole milk

A dry, powdered protein source. Also an excellent source of calcium and vitamin D.

Duck

Food grade duck that is mechanically deboned and is certified hormone and antibiotic free.

EGG (Egg Product)

Cooked and dried whole eggs, free of shells and other non egg material. A high quality, highly digestible source of protein.

Enterococcus faecium (dried fermentation products of)

A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the harmful bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

Ferrous Sulfate

Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

Fish Meal

Whole Menhaden fish, cooked and ground to a meal. Naturally preserved. Good source of protein, omega-3 (linolenic) fatty acids, and minerals.

Flaxseed

An all-natural plant source of Omega-3 fatty acids. Grown in Canada. Very palatable and stable.

Folic Acid

A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).

Garbanzo beans

Garbanzo beans, or chickpeas, are a legume.They are high in protein and have a low glycemic index. These unique ingredients are an excellent addition to a grain free formulation.

Glucosamine Hydrochloride

This is a naturally occurring substance that is a building block for normal healthy joints. It is obtained from the shells of shrimp, lobsters and crabs.

Ground wheat

The whole grain, ground for enhanced digestibility. Source of carbohydrates and fiber.

ground white rice

Ground rice is white rice that is received as a ground ingredient, instead of whole. Rice is a highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient that supplies energy for active pets.

Iron Proteinate

Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Kale

A cruciferous vegetable that is extremely low in calories. Kale has extremely high levels of vitamins A and C.

L-Carnitine

A vitamin-like substance that helps maintain normal metabolism. This helps the body burn fat for energy and helps normalize blood sugar levels. Also helps large breed puppies maintain lean body condition and strong bones.

Lactobacillus Acidophilus

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine and feline digestive systems. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain Probiotics? and Viables Probiotics?, added to our Diamond Naturals formulas to help support healthy digestion

Lactobacillus acidophilus (dried fermentation product of)

This is another of the probiotic ingredients included in some of our formulations. Probiotics are living bacteria that are added at the end of the cooking process. They help support the healthy populations of bacteria in the digestive system while suppressing the pathogenic bacteria that also reside there.

Lactobacillus casei

A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the harmful bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

Lactobacillus plantarum (dried fermentation product of)

A probiotic ingredient, included in some of our formulations. Probiotics are living bacteria that are added at the end of the cooking process. They help support the healthy populations of bacteria in the digestive system while suppressing the pathogenic bacteria that also reside there.

Lactobacillus reuteri

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine digestive system. It is a component of our proprietary K9 Strain Probiotics, added to our Diamond Naturals dog formulas to help support healthy digestion.

Lamb

Food grade lamb, mechanically removed from the bone. Enhances palatability, low ash. Purchased from New Zealand.

Lamb Broth

Broth created from cooking lamb in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Lamb liver

Real lamb liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Lamb Meal

Lean carcass of lambs (muscle and bone), cooked and ground to a fine consistency. Purchased from Australia, a certified Scrapie free country. Scrapie is the sheep version of Bovine Spongiform.

Lecithin

Derived from plant sources, this lipid (or fat), helps support the proper consistency of the canned food.

Malted barley flour

Dried, finely ground barley that is the leftover from the malting process.

Manganese Proteinate

Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Manganese Sulfate

The manganese salt of sulfuric acid is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions. Naturally occurring Manganese deficiency has not been reported in dogs or cats.

Manganous oxide

The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions. Naturally occurring Manganese deficiency has not been reported in dogs or cats.

Meat and bone meal

A dry protein and mineral source made with the meat and bone from a blend of pork, beef or lamb.

Meat meal

Meat meal is a dry protein ingredient made from the meat and bone of ruminants such as cows and sheep. It provides amino acids as well as minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, to the diet.

Millet

A whole grain. Higher in protein than corn, rich in amino acids (lysine, methionine, and threonine). Low in tannins, which limit palatability and inhibit protein digestion.

Natural chicken flavor

A natural product made mostly from chicken livers. This ingredient is used on the outside of the kibble to enhance flavor.

Natural Flavor

Natural ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the treat. Can be from vegetable or chicken sources. (It does not contain MSG.) Examples are parsley or other herbs and hydrolyzed proteins (processed so the average molecular weight of the protein is too small to be detected by the immune system which helps avoid adverse reactions in allergic pets. There is no intact protein from the chicken.)

Niacin

Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism. Dogs synthesize niacin from tryptophan (an amino acid) but cats must have it provided in their diet.

Oatmeal

Whole grain that is an excellent source of slow burning carbohydrates for all day energy and fiber for proper digestion.

Oranges

Oranges are a natural source of vitamin C.

Papaya

A tropical fruit that is rich in vitamin A and C while also being low in calories.

Pea protein

Peas are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals. A special processing technique is used to separate the protein from the starch and fiber to create a digestible, low ash protein source with the added benefit of phytonutrients.

Peanut butter

A soft ingredient made from peanuts, added to treats for flavor and as a protein and fat source.

Peas

A tiny legume that acts as a virtual powerhouse of nutrition. Peas are legumes and are whole food sources of protein and carbohydrates. They are rich in potassium, vitamin A and vitamin C.

Potassium Chloride

Potassium salt of hydrochloric acid and is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm), and certain metabollic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium Iodide

Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium sorbate

A source of potassium and important for its preservative action.

Potato fiber

Used as a natural fiber source to help promote normal stools and a healthy digestive tract. Added to formulas that contain potatoes already to help limit the number of different ingredients.

Potato protein

The protein portion of potatoes. Excellent back-up source of protein in high-protein recipes to help keep the ash low.

Potatoes

A highly digestible carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates provide energy for everyday activity.

Poultry By-Product Meal

A blend of chicken and turkey meat, bone and internal organs. Ground and cooked under heat and pressure. A highly digestible protein source.

Poultry digest

Natural ingredient that is applied to the outside of the treat to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the treat. (It does not contain MSG.) Examples are parsley or other herbs and hydrolyzed proteins (processed so the average molecular weight of the protein is too small to be detected by the immune system which helps avoid adverse reactions in allergic pets. There is no intact protein from the poultry).

Poultry liver

Poultry liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Powdered cellulose

A natural plant fiber source. This ingredient is highly refined, a white powder that provides insoluble fiber to the diet. The purpose of insoluble fiber is to lower calories or help control hairballs in cats.

Pumpkin

This squash gets its orange color from naturally occurring beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant. It is also rich in vitamin C, potassium and fiber. It is most well-known for its fiber content, which helps support healthy digestion.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Vitamin B6. Water-soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.

Quinoa

Quinoa is a grain that contains high levels of fiber and protein. It is rich in minerals and B vitamins, nutrients important for vital functions within your pet?s body.

Raspberries

These powerhouse berries are full of antioxidants that protect overall good health and may also help fight cancer.

Riboflavin

Vitamin B2. Water-soluble. Antioxidant necessary for nervous system function, utilization of energy, healthy skin and coat, and tissue repair.

Rice bran

The inner (bran) portion of rice. Source of fat and fiber.

Rice flour

The inner grain, free from the outer hull, ground to a flour consistency. It is a very highly digestible source of carbohydrates.

Salmon

Mechanically deboned salmon. Salmon is one of the lowest mercury content ocean fish available. When salmon is fully cooked, as it is in our pet foods, there is no risk to the health of dogs consuming it.

Salmon Meal

Salmon meal is a dry protein source made from the meat and bone of salmon. It is ground and cooked under pressure and is a high quality source not only of protein, but also of omega-3 fatty acids.

Salmon oil

This oil is extracted from fresh salmon. Marine source oils are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.

Salt

Source of sodium and chloride. Used in formulas that are labeled for growing animals or reproducing animals. Sodium and chloride are required in higher levels by these life stages.

Sodium Bisulfate

An excellent urinary acidifier, this ingredient helps promote a urine pH of 6.1 – 6.4 in our adult cat formulas.

Sodium metabisulfite

A preservative.

Sodium Selenite

Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

Soybean meal

A dried protein source made from soybeans.

Spinach

A popular leafy green that is packed with vitamin A and vitamin K. Greens are also rich in antioxidants.

Starch

A carbohydrate produced by plants and used to help maintain the proper consistency of the treat.

Steamed bone meal

A natural source of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, made from ground bone that is steamed.

Sweet Potatoes

A power packed vegetable rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium and beta carotene, this is one ideal complex carbohydrate source that provides all day energy.

Taurine

Amino acid essential for cats that maintains healthy eyes and heart. Considered to be conditionally essential for dogs (meaning certain dogs require it in their diet under certain conditions – particularly true when the dog is eating a lamb formula that has low protein content).

Thiamine mononitrate

Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

Tomato pomace

A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and small, firm stools. It is made from red, ripe tomatoes and is a natural source of vitamin C, lycopene and other important antioxidants.

Tomatoes

A natural source of vitamin C and lycopene, important antioxidants.

Turkey and liver meat

A wet ingredient that contains turkey meat and liver. Very rich in protein and iron.

Turkey liver meal

A dry protein source made from turkey liver. Highly digestible and rich in iron.

Vitamin A acetate

Synthetic vitamin A. Vitamin A is important for normal function of the immune system.

Vitamin A Supplement

Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity, and tissue integrity.

Vitamin B12 Supplement

The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

Vitamin D Supplement

Regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.

Vitamin D3 supplement

A supplemental source for Vitamin D3, an essential vitamin nutrient.

Vitamin E Supplement

Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.

Wheat flour

Finely ground wheat grain. Highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient.

Wheat germ meal

A dried ingredient made from the germ portion of wheat grain. It is rich in protein and fiber and is also an excellent source of B vitamins and tocopherols (vitamin E).

Whitefish

Whitefish is a category of ocean fish. These fish all have white meat. Fish is an excellent source of protein as well as natural Omega-3 fatty acids. It is a good protein source for dogs that have sensitivities to other more traditional pet food protein sources.

Whole Grain Brown Rice

The whole grain of unprocessed rice ground to a fine flour consistency. Benefits include fiber, carbohydrates, protein, and vitamin B.

Yeast culture

Active yeast, great source of B vitamins.

Yucca Schidigera Extract

Natural plant extract that has been proven to reduce stool odor.

Zinc oxide

A source of the essential mineral zinc. Zinc is important for normal structure and function of the skin and the immune system.

Zinc Proteinate

Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Zinc Sulfate

Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. There is a genetically influenced abnormality in zinc absorption and metabolism in some breeds (Malamutes and Siberian Huskies) which may result in an increased dietary requirement for zinc.

[Dried] cane molasses

Molasses is added as a natural palatability enhancer.

Ingredient Glossary

Menadione sodium bisulfite complex

Source of vitamin K, a fat soluble vitamin necessary for blood coagulation. There is no AAFCO minimum level recommended for dogs, and only 0.1 mg/kg in cat and kitten food. This is a non-toxic vitamin.

Animal fat (preserved with BHA and citric acid)

Fat source derived from a blend of sources.

Artificial color

An ingredient added to enhance the color of the treat.

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C. Acts as an antioxidant in the feed to preserve shelf life and prevent rancidity. Non-essential vitamin for dogs and cats as they can produce adequate amounts on their own.

Barley (Cracked Pearl)

Whole grain. Has 50% more protein than rice. Slow burning carbohydrate source, helps control blood sugar levels and helps keep the pet feeling satisfied for a longer period of time.

Beef

Lean muscle meat from beef cattle. This is an excellent protein source providing optimal amino acid nutrition for lean muscle mass and overall good health.

Beef broth

Broth created from cooking chicken in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Beef by-products

Organ meat such as liver and heart, used as a highly digestible protein source and a natural source of vitamins and minerals.

Beef Liver

Beef liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Beef meal

A dry protein source made up of beef meat and bone, ground together and cooked. It is a quality protein source as well as a natural source of vitamins and minerals.

beet pulp (dried)

Dried remains of sugar beets after sugar is removed. Gray in color. Moderately fermentable fiber source to provide cells in colon with energy and to promote the good bacteria in the intestines. Considered to be one of the best fiber sources for optimal stool quality.

Beta carotene

A powerful antioxidant derived from the orange or yellow color in fruits in vegetables. Beta carotene is converted into vitamin A inside the body.

Bifidobacterium lactis

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine and feline digestive systems. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain Probiotics™ and Viables Probiotics™, added to our Diamond Naturals formulas to help support healthy digestion.

Biotin

B vitamin required for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and non-essential amino acids. Water soluble vitamin. Required for normal skin and haircoat.

Blueberries

Rich in fiber and antioxidants, blueberries are a natural boost to the immune system.

Brewers Dried Yeast

Non-fermentable yeast that provides B-complex vitamins and proteins. Flavor enhancer.

Brewers Rice

Highly digestible carbohydrate made up from broken fragments of rice.

Brown rice flour

A flour made by grinding brown rice. An excellent, highly digestible carbohydrate source.

Calcium Carbonate

A mineral source of calcium, an essential nutrient.

Calcium iodate

A mineral source of calcium and iodine, essential nutrients.

Calcium Pantothenate

Source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for normal intestinal function, growth and haircoat color.

Canola Oil

Naturally preserved. Provides a blend of omega fatty acids for optimal skin and coat health. Contains alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid. Also a source of vitamin E.

Caramel color

A natural ingredient added for color consistency.

Carboxymethyl cellulose

Derived from cellulose, an insoluble fiber source, this ingredient helps maintain the proper consistency of treats.

Carrageenan gum

A fiber ingredient from seaweed. It is used to create the proper consistency of the canned food.

Carrots

Carrots are rich in vitamin A and like sweet potatoes and pumpkin, get their color from beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant.

Cheese meal

A dried ingredient made from cheese, added as a source of protein, calcium and vitamin D.

Chia seed

Chia seed contains protein, fiber and fat, and is naturally rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Also containing calcium, phosphorus and manganese, chia seed is a natural source of minerals.

Chicken

Food grade chicken that has been mechanically separated from the bone. Never frozen, arrives less than 24 hours after it is processed. Enhances palatability, low ash.

Chicken broth

Broth created from cooking chicken in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Chicken By-Product Meal

Animal source protein, made up mostly of internal organs such as liver, digestive tract, and kidneys. The intestines are a good source of smooth muscle protein. Fifteen percent of the meal includes meat and bone. No feathers. This ingredient is very digestible and very low in ash.

Chicken Fat

The most digestible animal fat source available. This is a liquid at room temperature which indicates a higher level of polyunsaturated fatty acids compared to fats which are solid at room temperature and are higher in saturated fatty acids. A source of Arachidonic acid (elongated form of Omega-6) and Linoleic (Omega-6) Acid.

Chicken Meal

Lean carcass (muscle and bone). No feathers or internal organs. We use a specially processed, low ash meal. Protein, phosphorus and calcium come from the meal.

Chicory Root (dried)

A moderately fermentable carbohydrate source. Fermentation of chicory root (FOS-fructooligosaccharide) in the colon produces short chain fatty acids that are an energy source for colonocytes (cells lining the colon) as well as for the good bacteria in the colon.

Choline Chloride

A B-complex vitamin. Choline is required for normal nervous system function, normal growth in young animals and protection of the kidneys. It can be synthesized in the liver, but is a dietary requirement.

Chondroitin Sulfate

A naturally occurring substance in the body, this is a building block for normal healthy cartilage. It also helps block harmful enzymes from damaging the cartilage. This supplement is derived from poultry cartilage.

Citric acid

Used as a natural preservative

Cobalt carbonate

Source of cobalt, a mineral that is essential for the efficient use of B vitamins.

Coconut

This tropical fruit is rich in fiber and fat, and a natural source of omega-6 fatty acids and many vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, iron and potassium.

Copper Proteinate

Chelated form of copper. Copper is an important mineral for maintaining coat color and also regulates reproduction in cats. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Copper Sulfate

An inorganic form of copper, a required mineral element. Copper is involved in normal reproduction as well as responsible for maintaining normal coat pigmentation.

Corn (GROUND, WHOLE GRAIN GROUND)

The whole corn grain ground to a flour consistency. Highly digestible carbohydrate source as well as source of protein and vitamins. All incoming corn is tested for aflatoxin.

Corn Gluten Meal

The dried residue from corn after the removal of the large part of the starch, gluten, and germ from the processes employed in the manufacture of corn syrup. It is an excellent low ash protein source which is highly digestible.

D-calcium pantothenate

A source of pantothenic acid, a B vitamin that is important for normal immune function, proper energy levels and nervous system function.

Dicalcium phosphate

A mineral source of calcium and phosphorus, two essential mineral nutrients.

Distillers dried grains with solubles

A dry ingredient that results from corn fermentation. It is rich in protein and fiber.

DL-Methionine

An essential amino acid which contains sulfur. Important for both dogs and cats, but more critical in cats since they have an increased demand for this amino acid. This is also a urine acidifier.

Dried cheese

Cheese that has had the moisture content removed to enrich the protein content.

Dried fermented corn extractives

A high protein ingredient made from corn that has been processed to make corn starch.

Dried Kelp

Seaweed plant that is a fiber and iodine source. Helps produce small, firm stools. May reduce stool odor.

Dried skimmed milk

A dry, powdered protein source. Also an excellent source of calcium and vitamin D.

Dried Trichoderma longibrachiatum fermentation extract

A digestive enzyme derived from yeast extracts, this ingredient helps promote healthy digestion.

Dried whey

Whey is liquid that remains during cheese production. It is a rich source of protein, especially when dried.

Dried whole milk

A dry, powdered protein source. Also an excellent source of calcium and vitamin D.

Duck

Food grade duck that is mechanically deboned and is certified hormone and antibiotic free.

EGG (Egg Product)

Cooked and dried whole eggs, free of shells and other non egg material. A high quality, highly digestible source of protein.

Enterococcus faecium (dried fermentation products of)

A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the harmful bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

Ferrous Sulfate

Inorganic form of iron. Added to enhance the iron content of the food. Iron is responsible for the transport of oxygen throughout the body.

Fish Meal

Whole Menhaden fish, cooked and ground to a meal. Naturally preserved. Good source of protein, omega-3 (linolenic) fatty acids, and minerals.

Flaxseed

An all-natural plant source of Omega-3 fatty acids. Grown in Canada. Very palatable and stable.

Folic Acid

A water soluble B vitamin necessary for formation of red blood cells and for normal function of the nervous system and reproduction (fetal development).

Garbanzo beans

Garbanzo beans, or chickpeas, are a legume.They are high in protein and have a low glycemic index. These unique ingredients are an excellent addition to a grain free formulation.

Glucosamine Hydrochloride

This is a naturally occurring substance that is a building block for normal healthy joints. It is obtained from the shells of shrimp, lobsters and crabs.

Ground wheat

The whole grain, ground for enhanced digestibility. Source of carbohydrates and fiber.

ground white rice

Ground rice is white rice that is received as a ground ingredient, instead of whole. Rice is a highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient that supplies energy for active pets.

Iron Proteinate

Chelated form of iron. Necessary for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Kale

A cruciferous vegetable that is extremely low in calories. Kale has extremely high levels of vitamins A and C.

L-Carnitine

A vitamin-like substance that helps maintain normal metabolism. This helps the body burn fat for energy and helps normalize blood sugar levels. Also helps large breed puppies maintain lean body condition and strong bones.

Lactobacillus Acidophilus

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine and feline digestive systems. It is a component of our proprietary probiotic blends, K9 Strain Probiotics? and Viables Probiotics?, added to our Diamond Naturals formulas to help support healthy digestion

Lactobacillus acidophilus (dried fermentation product of)

This is another of the probiotic ingredients included in some of our formulations. Probiotics are living bacteria that are added at the end of the cooking process. They help support the healthy populations of bacteria in the digestive system while suppressing the pathogenic bacteria that also reside there.

Lactobacillus casei

A probiotic, or beneficial bacteria, that helps promote a healthy digestive system by suppressing populations of the harmful bacteria within the GI tract. Also supports a healthy immune system.

Lactobacillus plantarum (dried fermentation product of)

A probiotic ingredient, included in some of our formulations. Probiotics are living bacteria that are added at the end of the cooking process. They help support the healthy populations of bacteria in the digestive system while suppressing the pathogenic bacteria that also reside there.

Lactobacillus reuteri

A probiotic, or good bacteria, that is specific to the canine digestive system. It is a component of our proprietary K9 Strain Probiotics, added to our Diamond Naturals dog formulas to help support healthy digestion.

Lamb

Food grade lamb, mechanically removed from the bone. Enhances palatability, low ash. Purchased from New Zealand.

Lamb Broth

Broth created from cooking lamb in water, used in canned products as a source of moisture.

Lamb liver

Real lamb liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Lamb Meal

Lean carcass of lambs (muscle and bone), cooked and ground to a fine consistency. Purchased from Australia, a certified Scrapie free country. Scrapie is the sheep version of Bovine Spongiform.

Lecithin

Derived from plant sources, this lipid (or fat), helps support the proper consistency of the canned food.

Malted barley flour

Dried, finely ground barley that is the leftover from the malting process.

Manganese Proteinate

Chelated form of manganese. Manganese is important for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Manganese Sulfate

The manganese salt of sulfuric acid is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions. Naturally occurring Manganese deficiency has not been reported in dogs or cats.

Manganous oxide

The oxide form of manganese that is needed for proper bone formation, growth and reproduction. Manganese is a micro mineral which functions as a component of several cell enzymes that catalyze metabolic reactions. Naturally occurring Manganese deficiency has not been reported in dogs or cats.

Meat and bone meal

A dry protein and mineral source made with the meat and bone from a blend of pork, beef or lamb.

Meat meal

Meat meal is a dry protein ingredient made from the meat and bone of ruminants such as cows and sheep. It provides amino acids as well as minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus, to the diet.

Millet

A whole grain. Higher in protein than corn, rich in amino acids (lysine, methionine, and threonine). Low in tannins, which limit palatability and inhibit protein digestion.

Natural chicken flavor

A natural product made mostly from chicken livers. This ingredient is used on the outside of the kibble to enhance flavor.

Natural Flavor

Natural ingredient that is added to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the treat. Can be from vegetable or chicken sources. (It does not contain MSG.) Examples are parsley or other herbs and hydrolyzed proteins (processed so the average molecular weight of the protein is too small to be detected by the immune system which helps avoid adverse reactions in allergic pets. There is no intact protein from the chicken.)

Niacin

Vitamin B3. Important for maintenance of hair, skin, nervous system and energy metabolism. Dogs synthesize niacin from tryptophan (an amino acid) but cats must have it provided in their diet.

Oatmeal

Whole grain that is an excellent source of slow burning carbohydrates for all day energy and fiber for proper digestion.

Oranges

Oranges are a natural source of vitamin C.

Papaya

A tropical fruit that is rich in vitamin A and C while also being low in calories.

Pea protein

Peas are highly nutritious legumes that are made up of protein, starch and fiber in addition to vitamins and minerals. A special processing technique is used to separate the protein from the starch and fiber to create a digestible, low ash protein source with the added benefit of phytonutrients.

Peanut butter

A soft ingredient made from peanuts, added to treats for flavor and as a protein and fat source.

Peas

A tiny legume that acts as a virtual powerhouse of nutrition. Peas are legumes and are whole food sources of protein and carbohydrates. They are rich in potassium, vitamin A and vitamin C.

Potassium Chloride

Potassium salt of hydrochloric acid and is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm), and certain metabollic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium Iodide

Potassium salt that is required for body fluid maintenance, nerve conduction (including normal heart rhythm) and certain metabolic processes. Potassium is the main electrolyte in intracellular fluid.

Potassium sorbate

A source of potassium and important for its preservative action.

Potato fiber

Used as a natural fiber source to help promote normal stools and a healthy digestive tract. Added to formulas that contain potatoes already to help limit the number of different ingredients.

Potato protein

The protein portion of potatoes. Excellent back-up source of protein in high-protein recipes to help keep the ash low.

Potatoes

A highly digestible carbohydrate source. Carbohydrates provide energy for everyday activity.

Poultry By-Product Meal

A blend of chicken and turkey meat, bone and internal organs. Ground and cooked under heat and pressure. A highly digestible protein source.

Poultry digest

Natural ingredient that is applied to the outside of the treat to enhance the flavor and acceptance of the treat. (It does not contain MSG.) Examples are parsley or other herbs and hydrolyzed proteins (processed so the average molecular weight of the protein is too small to be detected by the immune system which helps avoid adverse reactions in allergic pets. There is no intact protein from the poultry).

Poultry liver

Poultry liver is an excellent source of iron and highly digestible protein.

Powdered cellulose

A natural plant fiber source. This ingredient is highly refined, a white powder that provides insoluble fiber to the diet. The purpose of insoluble fiber is to lower calories or help control hairballs in cats.

Pumpkin

This squash gets its orange color from naturally occurring beta-carotene, a powerful antioxidant. It is also rich in vitamin C, potassium and fiber. It is most well-known for its fiber content, which helps support healthy digestion.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Vitamin B6. Water-soluble. Necessary for blood cell formation and nervous system function.

Quinoa

Quinoa is a grain that contains high levels of fiber and protein. It is rich in minerals and B vitamins, nutrients important for vital functions within your pet?s body.

Raspberries

These powerhouse berries are full of antioxidants that protect overall good health and may also help fight cancer.

Riboflavin

Vitamin B2. Water-soluble. Antioxidant necessary for nervous system function, utilization of energy, healthy skin and coat, and tissue repair.

Rice bran

The inner (bran) portion of rice. Source of fat and fiber.

Rice flour

The inner grain, free from the outer hull, ground to a flour consistency. It is a very highly digestible source of carbohydrates.

Salmon

Mechanically deboned salmon. Salmon is one of the lowest mercury content ocean fish available. When salmon is fully cooked, as it is in our pet foods, there is no risk to the health of dogs consuming it.

Salmon Meal

Salmon meal is a dry protein source made from the meat and bone of salmon. It is ground and cooked under pressure and is a high quality source not only of protein, but also of omega-3 fatty acids.

Salmon oil

This oil is extracted from fresh salmon. Marine source oils are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA.

Salt

Source of sodium and chloride. Used in formulas that are labeled for growing animals or reproducing animals. Sodium and chloride are required in higher levels by these life stages.

Sodium Bisulfate

An excellent urinary acidifier, this ingredient helps promote a urine pH of 6.1 – 6.4 in our adult cat formulas.

Sodium metabisulfite

A preservative.

Sodium Selenite

Form of selenium, an essential trace mineral necessary for normal immune function and reproduction.

Soybean meal

A dried protein source made from soybeans.

Spinach

A popular leafy green that is packed with vitamin A and vitamin K. Greens are also rich in antioxidants.

Starch

A carbohydrate produced by plants and used to help maintain the proper consistency of the treat.

Steamed bone meal

A natural source of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, made from ground bone that is steamed.

Sweet Potatoes

A power packed vegetable rich in dietary fiber, vitamins A and C, iron, calcium and beta carotene, this is one ideal complex carbohydrate source that provides all day energy.

Taurine

Amino acid essential for cats that maintains healthy eyes and heart. Considered to be conditionally essential for dogs (meaning certain dogs require it in their diet under certain conditions – particularly true when the dog is eating a lamb formula that has low protein content).

Thiamine mononitrate

Vitamin B1. Required for protein and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as to maintain normal nervous system function.

Tomato pomace

A soluble fiber source that helps promote digestive health and small, firm stools. It is made from red, ripe tomatoes and is a natural source of vitamin C, lycopene and other important antioxidants.

Tomatoes

A natural source of vitamin C and lycopene, important antioxidants.

Turkey and liver meat

A wet ingredient that contains turkey meat and liver. Very rich in protein and iron.

Turkey liver meal

A dry protein source made from turkey liver. Highly digestible and rich in iron.

Vitamin A acetate

Synthetic vitamin A. Vitamin A is important for normal function of the immune system.

Vitamin A Supplement

Active source of vitamin A, required by cats. Dogs can convert inactive vitamin A (beta-carotene) to active vitamin A. Necessary for reproduction, vision, normal skeletal and tooth development, immunity, and tissue integrity.

Vitamin B12 Supplement

The only B vitamin that can be stored by the body. Necessary for formation of red blood cells and normal nervous system function.

Vitamin D Supplement

Regulates calcium and phosphorus balance and bone calcification.

Vitamin D3 supplement

A supplemental source for Vitamin D3, an essential vitamin nutrient.

Vitamin E Supplement

Helps protect cell membranes, regulates intracellular respiration and immune function.

Wheat flour

Finely ground wheat grain. Highly digestible carbohydrate ingredient.

Wheat germ meal

A dried ingredient made from the germ portion of wheat grain. It is rich in protein and fiber and is also an excellent source of B vitamins and tocopherols (vitamin E).

Whitefish

Whitefish is a category of ocean fish. These fish all have white meat. Fish is an excellent source of protein as well as natural Omega-3 fatty acids. It is a good protein source for dogs that have sensitivities to other more traditional pet food protein sources.

Whole Grain Brown Rice

The whole grain of unprocessed rice ground to a fine flour consistency. Benefits include fiber, carbohydrates, protein, and vitamin B.

Yeast culture

Active yeast, great source of B vitamins.

Yucca Schidigera Extract

Natural plant extract that has been proven to reduce stool odor.

Zinc oxide

A source of the essential mineral zinc. Zinc is important for normal structure and function of the skin and the immune system.

Zinc Proteinate

Chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. Chelated minerals are attached to amino acids for better absorption from the digestive tract.

Zinc Sulfate

Non-chelated form of zinc. Zinc is necessary for the formation of proteins in the body, normal immune system function, skin and wound healing, growth and reproduction. There is a genetically influenced abnormality in zinc absorption and metabolism in some breeds (Malamutes and Siberian Huskies) which may result in an increased dietary requirement for zinc.

[Dried] cane molasses

Molasses is added as a natural palatability enhancer.